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Achillea (also known as Yarrow, Milfoil and Bloodwort), has large flat clusters of flowers at the top of the stem and frilly aromatic leaves. There are a number of varieties and colours such as red, yellow, terracotta, white and pink. Available as a fresh flower April-October but dries and retains its colour well which makes it versatile all year round. Vase life up to two weeks as a fresh flower. Will last for years as a dried flower if cared for properly.
Aconitum (also known as Wolfsbane, Monkshood & Devils Helmet), is tall with intense coloured hooded shaped flowers. It looks similar to a Delphinium. The roots of aconitum are extremely poisonous! They are available for most of the year from January-November. Vase life approximately 10 days.
Agapanthus (also known as ‘Lily of the Nile’ and African Lily) is a seasonal summer flower with a globe shape displaying a mass of trumpet like flowers and is generally available in dark blue, light blue and white. Stem lengths can reach 70-80cm and are available February – November. Vase life approximately two weeks.
Alchemilla Mollis (otherwise known as Lady’s Mantle) has lime green flowers in dense clusters above soft leaves that are scalloped with serrated edges. Although Alchemilla Mollis is a flower, many florists use it as a form of greenery in bouquets and flower arrangements. Stem lengths are small to medium. Available May-October. Vase life 10 days.
Alliums (also known as Ornamental Onions) have distinctive spherical flower heads which range in size from quite small to quite large making it a versatile bloom for all types of arrangements – if you can cope with the onion odour! They are mainly available from March-June in purple, lavender, and whites. Stem lengths vary between 60-100cm. Vase life approximately two weeks.
Alstroemeria (also known as Ulster Mary, Peruvian Lily and Inca Lily – despite not being a Lily) display a number trumpet shaped flowers with distinctive black markings from a single stem. A large variety of colours are available except for blue and green and stem lengths can reach 80cm. Available all year round. Vase life up to approximately two weeks.
Amaranthus (also known as Tassel Flower and Love-lies-bleeding), is closely related to Celosia. Amaranthus is available in both upright and trailing varieties. Trailing Amaranthus has slender drooping spikes of flowers approximately 45cm long. They are available in both green and red and are generally available April – December. Vase life up to 12 days.
Amaryllis – see Hippeastrum
Ammi Visnaga looks very similar to Cow Parsley with clusters of pretty flowers on long stems. Available most of the year with a vase life up to approximately 10 days.
Anemones (also known as Wind Flowers), are a genus of the buttercup family. Anemones are a simple flower with delicate open style petals and are available in a beautiful range of bright and pastel colours. Available November – April. Vase life up to 9 days.
Anigozanthos (also known as Kangeroo Paw) have tubular flowers that are made up of six furry petals resembling a kangeroo’s paw. Available in yellow, orange, red & green in stem lengths ranging from 60cm – 80cm. Available all year round apart from July & August. Vase life up to 21 days.
Anthuriums, (also known as The Flamingo Flower, Flamingo Lily and Hawaiian Heart), are tropical flowers native to the tropical Americas and grow naturally in many forms, bushy or climbing with roots that can dangle from a rainforest canopy all the way to the floor. The spike (spadix) is where all of the flowers are (compact in tiny spirals) and the coloured fleshy part below is actually a leaf, however together they look like a bloom and are used as such. Anthuriums are available all year round and there are literally 1000’s of varieties and colours with medium stem lengths. Vase life is lengthy – up to 28 days if cared for properly. Caution – toxic when ingested.
Antirrhinums (also known as Snap Dragons), have trumpet shaped flowers on tall spikes that resemble dragon faces – hence the name. Available in a variety of colours including white, pink, yellow, red and orange. The stem length can reach 75cm. Available all year round. Vase life up to two weeks.
Aster (also known as September Flower and Michaelmas Daisy), is a multi-headed flower with pyramid- shaped spires of delicate daisy and star shaped heads. Available in white, pink, lilac and purple. Stem lengths are tall and can reach 90cm. Available most of the year. Vase life up to two weeks.
Astilbe (also known as False Goat’s Beard, False Spiraea), has delicate feathery plumes on slim stems with prominent green spikey foliage. Available in soft and dark pinks, reds, and whites with medium stem lengths. Available April – November. Vase life up to 7 days.
Astrantia (also known as Great Masterwort and Pincushion), have daisy shaped flowers with a pretty pin-cushioned centre. The flowers spray from the stem in long bracts and feel slightly straw-like to touch. Astrantia works well as a dried flower. Available in white, pale pink, dark pink and burgundy up to 60cm in length. Available March – November. Vase life up to 10 days.
Bouvardia have small trumpet shaped flowers that form loose clusters edged with bright green leaves. Available in many colours including pinks, whites, creams, green, reds and lilacs with stem lengths varying from 55 – 65cm. Available all year round. Vase life up to 10 days.
Silver Brunia have highly textured woody stems with grey ball shaped berries at the end. Vase life approximately two weeks however it will dry well.
Bupleurum (also known as Thorow-wax and Hare’s ear), has delicate tiny lime green star-shaped flowers and darker green leaves. Stem lengths vary from 50cm – 70cm tall. Available June – November. Vase life approximately 10 days.
Calla Lily – see Zantedeschia
Campanula (also known as Bellflower, Canterbury bells and Harebell), have bell-shaped flowers on tall stems (often they can have many flowers on one single stem). Campanulas are soft and fragile flowers available in white, pale pink, lilac, lavender and blue in stem lengths 60-70cm. Available May – September. Vase life up to 10 days.
Carnation – see Dianthus
Centaurea (also known as Cornflower), is fragile and delicate with soft tiny petals and have an almost thistle-like appearance. They are available in pink and white but are most recognised for their shade of brilliant blue with short stem lengths. Available from May-September. Vase life approximately 5-7 days.
Chamelaucium (also known as Waxflower), is native to Western Australia. Each stem displays many flowers, dainty in appearance with a waxy feel to their petals and often smell of lemons. It is available in pink, white, cream, cerise and burgundy in stem lengths varying from 60-100cm. Available October-May. Vase life up to approximately 14 days.
Chrysanthemums (also known in the trade as Xanth, Buttons, Bloom, Pompon), are one of the oldest known flowers, dating back to the 15 century BC when they were grown as flowering herbs by the Chinese. Chrysanthemums are split into two main categories – Multi-Headed Spray and Single-Headed Bloom. There are many varieties ranging from a cluster of single like daisy head flowers splaying from single stems to a single large headed pompon. They are available in a huge selection of colours and stem lengths. Available all in round. Vase life up to three weeks.
Convallaria (also known as Lily of the Valley), have delicate bell shaped flowers along the length of a short stem. Highly fragrant. Available in April & May with a vase life of approximately 6 days.
Cornflower – see Centaurea
Cosmos (also known as Chocolate Cosmos), have papery thin petals with Daisy like flowers on tall leafless stems. Available in white, brownish red and pink with a stem length of approximately 50-60cm tall. Available June – October. Vase life approximately 7 days.
Craspedia (also known as Billy Buttons and Woollyheads), have a single spherical head which consists of tiny yellow florets tightly packed together on the top of a slender green stem. Craspedia is great for drying. Only available in mustard yellow as a fresh flower but can be dyed in a variety of colours and dries well in those colours. Available all year round. Stem length can reach 90cm. Vase life three weeks as a fresh flower.
Crocosmia (also known as Montbretia), is a genus of the Iris family and is very similar looking Freesias. The colourful orange or red flowers are positioned on long arched spikes at the top of branched stems. Crocosmia leaves are long, thin, and slender. Stem length can vary from 60-80cm. Available July – October. Vase life approximately 7-10 days.
Dahlias (also known as Pinwheels), are famous for their bold, bright, and cheerful flowers from burgundy to white and all the colours in between apart from blue and green. They have medium stem length. Available July-November. Vase life approximately 7 days.
Delphiniums (also known as Larkspur), have spires of flowers that graduate up the stem with tighter buds at the top. Available in blue, purple, lilac, pink and white in stem lengths varying from 60-90cm. Available April-November. Vase life approximately 7 days. They are extremely toxic when ingested.
Dianthus are available in two varieties; Standard and Spray (also known as Standard Carnations and Spray Carnations). Standard varieties display a single bloom on each stem whereas Spray varieties have multi headed flowers on each stem. Each are available in most colours, tones and tints and in varying stem lengths. Available all year round. Vase life is renowned for being good – up to three weeks.
Echinops (also known as the Globe Thistle) flowers are round and spikey. Each globe head consists of 100’s of individual starry, blue flowers. Echinops leaves are typically thistle shaped and prickly. Because of the strong stems and robust flowers Echinops are very popular for drying. Stem length is approximately 60cm. Available May-October. Vase life approximately 14-21 days.
Eryngium (also known as Sea Holly), is famous for its thistle shaped flower. They range from cobalt blue through to deep purple in colour as well as white with medium stem length. Available all year round. Vase life up to 14 days. Dries well.
Eustoma (also known as Lisianthus), have cup shaped flowers that bloom along thin, gracefully branching stems that have slightly succulent leaves. There are multiple flower heads which can look similar in style to a Rose. Eustoma is available in a wide range of colours in either double or single varieties. Stem lengths can reach 80cm. Available all year round. Vase life approximately 14 days.
Freesias have a one sided cluster of trumpet shaped flowers that sit on the end of a long thin stem. They can be highly fragrant, available in most colours all year round. Vase life is approximately 7 days.
Gerberas resemble the shape of a daisy and are available in both large and mini head forms in a huge variety of colours. Available all year round. Vase life is approximately two weeks.
Gypsophila (also known as Baby’s Breath) have hundreds of tiny individual flowers growing on each branched stem. Stem length can reach roughly 90cm. Available all year round predominantly in white and pink but are often dyed. Vase life is approximately two-three weeks.
Helianthus (also known as Sunflower) have large velvety brown centres surrounded by bright papery single petals. They are available from May to October in yellow, orange and burnt red. They have medium stem length. Vase life is approximately 7-10 days.
Helleborus (also known as Hellebore and Christmas Rose) have cup-shaped flowers comprising of five patterned petals surrounding a central ring of nectaries. Available from November – March in white, lime, mauve and burgundy with short – medium stem length. Vase life approximately 7 days.
Hippeastrum (also known as Amaryllis) have 2-4 huge showy flowers on long stems. They are available November – March in white, pink, red, burgundy and also bicoloured. Vase life is approximately 2 weeks.
Hydrangeas have large mop-shaped heads made up of many individual flowers. Available July – October in a range of colours from pink, white, pale blue, dark blue, burgundy and green. They have medium stem length. Vase life is approximately 7 days.
Hypericum stems are predominantly cut when their yellow flowers turn into berries (you rarely see it utilised for the flowers in floristry). They are available all year round and have a stem length of 50-80cm. The berries can be green, pink, red, white and pale yellow. Vase life is approximately 14 days.
Ilex verticillata (also known as Winterberry) have clusters of red berries on bare branched stems which are striking to look at. Available in November and December and in stem lengths up to 100cm. Vase life is approximately 2 weeks.
Iris’ have fan shaped flowers at the end of a slender stem. They are available in many colours including blue, purple, white, and yellow. Vase life tends to be quite short – up to 7 days.
Leucadendron have cone-shaped seed heads surrounded by bright waxy leaves which spiral around and down the length of the stem. They are available all year round in colours including green, burgundy and orange with stem lengths of 60-100cm. Vase life is approximately 2-3 weeks.
Leucanthemum (also known as Shasta Daisy) looks like a large Daisy with a bright yellow centre surrounded by white petals. Available from May – August with stems lengths approximately reaching 50-60cm. Vase life can be up to two weeks.
Leucospermum (also known as Pincushion Protea) are tropical flowers which have numerous upright hooks covering a central globe and woody stems with tough leathery leaves. Available all year round and in stems lengths up to 60cm. Vase life is 2-3 weeks.
Lilium (also known as Lily) are a popular flower choice for many. The three most popular groups of Lilies are The Asian Lily (Asiatic) which have erect buds and are available in bright vivid colours but have no scent, The Longiflorum Lily which have trumpet shape flowers and are available in white, pink, two tone and red varieties but also have no scent and the Oriental Lily which have large showy flowers and are heavily scented. Lilies can have tall stem lengths up to 110cm and will last for 2-3 weeks. They are available all year round. They are poisonous so handle with care.
Limonium (also known as Statice & Sea Lavender) has clusters of tiny flowers at the end of each branched stem. Available all year round in colours including cream, yellow, purple, pink and lilac. Vase life is approximately 3 weeks although it works well as a dried flower.
Matthiola (also known as Stocks) have lots of highly scented flowers on the end of each stem. Available March – September in a variety of colours including white, cream, burgundy, pink, purple and lilac. Vase life is approximately 7 days.
Nigella (also known as Love-in-a-mist) is a delicate flower with wispy feathery leaves. Available from April – October in pink, blue and white. Nigella has a short vase life of approximately 5 days and does not like to be out of water.
Orchid have clusters of distinctive flowers displayed along the length of a stem. Cymbidium & Phalaenopsis varieties are most well known. Available all year round in colours including pink, white, lilac, green and lemon. Vase life of approximately 2-3 weeks. see
Ornithogalum (also known as Ornit and Star of Bethlehem) have clusters of star shaped flowers on the end of each stem. Available all year round in white, orange and yellow. Vase life is approximately 14 days.
Paeonia (also known as Peony) have large headed blooms with a deep layering of petals. Available April – June in a variety of colours including burgundy, pink, lemon, cream, and white. Vase life is approximately 5-10 days.
Physalis (also known as Chinese Lantern) have numerous bright orange paper-like husks that look like lanterns growing up the length of each stem. Available September – October with a vase life of approximately two weeks.
Protea (also known as Sugar bush) are striking tropical flowers with bright, spiky bracts surrounding a mass of flowers in the centre. There are many different varieties in many colours including white, pink, orange, burgundy and green. Available all year round. Vase life approximately 1 month.
Ranunculus have Rose shaped flowers with a tightly compact layering of petals. They are available from November – May in a variety of colours including white, pink, red, burgundy and orange. Vase life approximately 7-14 days.
Rosa (also known as Rose) are a firm favourite for many! Typically they have many petals overlapping one another which gradually open over time from a tight bud. Some are more delicate and have single petals but they do not tend to last as long. Available all year round in a huge variety of colours. Vase life approximately two weeks.
Scabiosa (also known as Scabious and Pincushion flower) are small and have delicate petals surrounding a pincushion centre. Scabiosa stellata is a popular variety used within floristry – the head is a dense spherical cluster of flowers with funnel-shaped papery bracts and dries really well. Scabiosa is available in white, pale blue, lilac and burgundy. Available June-October. Vase life approximately 5-7 days.
Sedums have many clusters of flat tiny flower heads displayed on branched succulent stems. The flowers are green to begin with then over time turn to a soft pink then into a much deeper pink. Available July-November. Vase life approximately 3 weeks.
Skimmia is generally used within the industry for the clusters of red flower buds and contrasting dark green leaves – especially over the festive period! Available October-March. Vase life approximately three weeks.
Solidago (also known as Golden rod) is utilised more as a filler as opposed to a flower on its own. Masses of small green buds growing on branched stems open into yellow flowers. Available all year round. Vase life up to two weeks.
Tanacetum (also known as Feverfew) have many small daisy-like flowers displayed on branched stems. They are predominantly available during the summer months and have a vase life of approximately two weeks.
Trachelium have slender stems with masses of tiny flowers clustered together at the end. They are available in dark purple, pale blue, lilac, white and green mostly all year round. Vase life is approximately up to two weeks.
Tulipa (also known as Tulip) have one flower per stem with rubbery fleshy leaves. The flowers can come in different forms including single, double, lily and parrot. Available December-April in a variety of colours. Vase life is approximately 10 days.
Veronica have slim elegant spires covered in tiny flowers. Available all year round in a variety of colours including purple, pink and white. Vase life is approximately two weeks.
Viburnum Opulus (also known as Guelder rose and Snowball tree) have small mopped shaped heads bearing small green flowers on the end of branched woody stems. Available September-May. Vase life approximately 7 days.
Waxflower – see Chamelaucium
Zantedeschia (also known as Calla lily) has a single bloom at the end of a fleshy stem. The spathe wraps around an upright spadix creating an elegant and distinctive funnel shape. Available February-September in white, pink, purple, cream, peach and yellow. Vase life is approximately two weeks.